DVD

AKA
Digital Video Disc
Era
1996–2010s
Format
digital
Format2
Disc
Developed by
Sony, Panasonic, Philips, Toshiba
Manufacturers
Sony, Panasonic, Philips, Toshiba
Market
Consumer
(Max) Capacity
4.7 GB (single-layer), 8.5 GB (dual-layer), up to 17 GB
Size
4.7" discs
Tape type
Polycarbonate plastic disc substrate coated with a thin, reflective "data layer" composed of metal (commercial DVDs) or contains dyes (recordable, rewritable DVDs). DVDs may also be dual-layered/-sided.
Fun facts
Each disc contains one or more region codes, denoting the area(s) of the world in which distribution and playback are intended; players would be "locked" to one of six specific regions
This format was the dominant consumer video format in the 2000s
This format allowed for bonus features in addition to a feature film, like director's commentary tracks and extra scenes